Birgus Latro

The Coconut Crab, Birgus latro

Birgus Latro

Robertson, M. 1991. Husbandry and moulting behavior of the Robber or Coconut crab Birgus latro at London Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 30: 60-67.

Professor Greenawat : Birgus Latro-Related Research Papers


Joanne Wilde, Honours. Digestion and assimilation by Robber Crabs, Birgus latro.
Greenaway, P. (2001). Sodium and Water Balance in free ranging Robber Crabs, Birgus latro (Anomura: Coenobitidae). J. Crust. Biol.,21:317-327.
Morris, S., Greenaway, P., Adamczewska, A.M. & Ahern, M.D. (2000). Adaptations to a terrestrial existence in the Robber Crab Birgus latro L. IX. Hormonal control of post-renal urine reprocessing and salt balance in the branchial chamber. J. exp. Biol., 203, 389-396.
Dillaman, R.M., Greenaway, P. & Linton, S.M. (1999). Role of the midgut gland in purine excretion in the Robber Crab, Birgus latro (Anomura: Coenobitidae). J. Morph., 241:227-235.
Farrelly, C.A. & Greenaway, P. (1994). Gas exchange in air-breathing crabs: lungs versus gills. Journal of Experimental Biology, 187:113-130.
Taylor, H.H., Greenaway, P. & Morris, S. (1993). Adaptations to a terrestrial existence by the Robber Crab, Birgus latro. VIII. Osmotic and ionic regulation on freshwater and saline drinking regimens. Journal of Experimental Biology, 179:93-113.

Professor H. Harry Taylor: Birgus Latro-Related Research Papers

Research interests

Gas exchange in crustaceans and molluscs.
Circulatory systems of crustaceans and molluscs.
Salt and water balance in marine, freshwater and terrestrial crustaceans.
Terrestrial adaptations in Crustacea.
Ultrastructure of crustacean gills and lungs.
Physiology of stress due to commercial handling and live transport of lobsters, crabs and abalone.
Eco-toxicology of aquatic invertebrates (acidification, metals, nitrites).
Ontogeny of respiration and osmoregulation of crustacean embryos.

Research Includes:
Taylor, H.H., Greenaway, P., & Morris, S. (1991) Branchial modification of urine and osmoregulation in the land crab, Birgus latro (Anomura: Coenobitidae). Mem. Queensland Mus. 31, 286.

Morris, S, Taylor, H.H. & Greenaway, P. (1991) Adaptations to a terrestrial existence by the robber crab, Birgus latro L. VII. The branchial chamber and its role in urine reprocessing. J. Exp Biol. 161,315-331

Taylor, H.H. & Taylor, E.W. (1992) Gills and lungs: the exchange of gases and ions. Chapter 7 in: A.G. Humes and F.W. Harrison (eds.) Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. volume 10. Decapod Crustacea Wiley-Liss: New York, pp203-293.

Taylor, H.H., P. Greenaway, and S. Morris (1993) Adaptations to a terrestrial existence by the Robber Crab Birgus latro L. VIII. Osmotic and ionic regulation on freshwater and saline drinking regimens. J. Exp. Biol. 179:93-113.



India River Lagoon Arthropods (Invertebrates cont.)


Fiddler Crabs. Mike Rosenberg. University of New York at Stony Brook. This web site contains pictures and information about the fiddler crabs of the world. The site is strongest on systematics and phylogeny.

Fiddler Crab. Ecological Characterization of Otter Island South Carolina. A photograph and information about fiddler crabs on the eastern coast of North America.

Fiddler Crab Links

What is a Fiddler Crab?

Marine Hermit Crabs

Anomura>Gallery 1 > Section Paguridea> Coenobitidae Diogenidae Paguridae

British Marine Life Study Society : Common Hermit Crabs

Hawaii List of Marine Hermit Crabs

Hermit Crabs in Torbay by Chris Proctor

Taiwan Hermit Crabs


Morphology of a hermit crab

Measurement of a hermit crab and its shell

List of Taiwanese hermit crabs

46 Family Coenobitidae
Coenobita rugosus H. Milne Edwards, 1837

47 Coenobita brevimanus Dana, 1852
48 Coenobita cavipes Stimpson, 1858
49 Birgus latro (Linnaeus, 1767)

References about Taiwanese hermit crab

The Calcinus hermit crabs of Taiwan

New records of Calcinus hermit crabs from Taiwan

Identity of Two Hermit Crabs, Calcinus vachoni Forest, 1958 and C. seurati Forest, 1951, from the Coral Reefs of Taiwan

Utilization of shell resource by hermit crabs in Kenting, Taiwan



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Coenobita brevimanusCoenobita clypeatusCoenobita compressusCoenobita perlatusCoenobita rugosusCoenobita variabilis