of Terms related to Hermit Crabs
Region of the body furthest from the mouth. In insects, the
third body region behind the head and thorax.
sense organs also known as 'feelers' help the hermit crab smell and
taste. A hermit crab has two pairs of anteannae at the front of their
head, with two being long and two being short. The long pair are called
antennas and the short pair antennules. Antennas are used to touch
and sense other hermit crabs and objects.The antennules are what a
hermit crab uses to smell and taste.
: a small antenna, esp. one of the foremost pair of a crustacean.
Located at the end of the hermit crab's abdomen. (Fox,
S. 2000 p.13)
a-tahl). Type of island that is formed when the top of an underwater
volcano that was once above the water sinks below the surface, leaving
only the coral reef and sandbars in a ring around a lagoon.
also called Self-amputation, the ability of certain animals to release
part of the body that has been grasped by an external agent.EB
n. study of crustaceans. carcinomorphic, a. like a crab or crustacean.
: 1. CrazyCrab: Now known as Aussie Hermits, a land hermit crab of
the species C. variabilis; 2. Coenobita clypeatus
: "The portion of cepalthorax that covers
the top of the crab forms a hard protective shield called the carapace"
(Fox, S. 2000 p.13)
: an animal that eats meat
: The hermit crab's head, which contains its mouth, eyes and antennae,
is fused to its thorax and is known as the cepalthorax. The crab's
five pair of legs are attached to the thorax. The portion of the cepalthorax
that covers the top of the crab forms a hard protective shield called
kee-la) a pincer
: (Pronounced kee-li-ped) chelipeds (chela="claw" and ped="foot")..
Also called grasping claws because of the non-aggressive ways they
are used, the chelipeds are what a hermit crab uses to grip while
climbing and protect during a crab fight. When eating, you will notice
a hermit crab hold the food with one cheliped, and break the food
off with the other, passing it to the maxillipeds.
The left claw is usually (depending on species) used for climbing
or defence. When a hermit crab withdraws within its shell it will
use its larger claw to block the entrance to the shell. The right
claw is usually used for eating and climbing. Cheliped - (in decapod
crustaceans) either of the pair of appendages bearing a chela. 2.
: (Pronounced KY-tin) In arthropods the chitinous shell, or exoskeleton,
covers the surface of the body, does not grow, and is periodically
cast off (molted). After the old shell is shed, a new, larger shell
is secreted by the epidermis, providing room for future growth. The
chitin is rigid except between some body segments and joints where
it is thin and allows movement of adjacent parts. 3
Clypeatus: (Pronounced ) shield shaped
Coenobita: (pronounced 'seen-oh-bit-a') Family of terrestrial
(land-based) hermit crabs.
Photoreceptor of Arthropods that consists of several omatadia.
It has no lid but is covered with exoskeleton.
From the word compress [latin]. In Coenobita compressus it
may have been used to describe the 'compressed' eye shape
of a C. compressus land hermit crab.
: a class of mainly aquatic animals including lobsters, crabs,
shrimps, prawns etc 4
Cuticle -- In animals, a multilayered, extracellular,
external body covering, usually composed of fibrous molecules
such as chitin or collagen, and sometimes strengthened by
the deposition of minerals such as calcium carbonate.
Detritus: (Pronounced dee-triy-tis). Decomposing organic
ek-diy-sis). Stage in athropod moulting in which the old exoskeleton
is shed and the new enlarged with water and/or air.
Ecysone: (pronounced ek-diy-son). In insects, crustaceans
ando ther arthropods, the hormone that directly affects the epidermal
cells during moulting.
hermit crab aka E's : hermit crab that comes from Ecuador of the species
Coenobita compressus. Visit the crab
The waxy outer layer of the Arthropod exoskeleton
: "The crab's exoskeleton is made from layers of protein and chitin.
The exoskeleton, or cuticle, is hardened by calcium carbonate... The
exoskeleton protects the animal and provides points of attachment
for the muscles to move the appendages. It helps impede water loss,
although a crab still slowly loses water across its exoskeleton."
(Fox, S. 2000 p.11)
legs : small legs that are kept hidden within the shell. Used
to maneuver the shell and hold itself within the shell.
Deposit of calcium salts made in the stomach of many crustaceans during
the period between moults. It may be used to store calcium needed
in the new exoskeleton.
: 1. A hermit crab's gills are enclose din the branchial chamber,
which functions as a lung. The branchial chamber is on the
sides of the thorax, above the crab's legs. 2. gill -- In
aquatic animals, highly vascularized tissues with large surface
area; these are extended out of the body and into the surrounding
water for gas exchange.
(Gah-no-dukt). Any duct that generally transfers eggs or sperm.
1. an opening
through which eggs or sperm are released, esp. in invertebrates. 5
2. any opening between the reproductive system and the outside.
long hairs that you see between the joint of your crab's legs, on
the maxillipeds, along the inside of some appendages, and near its
mouth are called setae. Unlike the hair that
grows on yor head, setae do not grow from hair follicles. They are
actually extensions of the crab's cuticle. When a crab molts its exoskeleton,
these "hairs" are also shed as projections of the exoskeleton. (Fox,
S. 2000 p.12)
: creatures without a backbone 6
(KK) : Name of the plastic tanks manufactured by
Lees that are the most well-known type available in the US. Many
people adopted calling all plastic tanks KK
Larvae : stage
stages of Development : stages hermit crab larvae go through before
progressing to the next stage of development
: (Pronounced maks-il-li-ped) also known as feeding appendages,
maxillipeds are very small appendages near your crab's mouth. They
are like tiny little hands that take food from the chelipeds and feed
the foodstuffs within the very small mouth. Maxillipeds are also used
to groom itself and you will often see them when you handfeed your
(Pronounced meg-a-lahps) Larval stage following the zoea larva. Post-larva.
1. a process
in which the exoskeleton, or outer skin, is shed and a new exo is
grown. It is also a time during which lost limbs are regenerated/regrown
and your hermit crab will grow slightly as the new tissues swell with
fluids and then harden with the aid of chitin.
2. The hormonally-controlled process of shedding one
cuticle (or exoskeleton) in order to allow growth of the organism
and the subsequent replacement of the cuticle.
: Inactive during day, active at night. Creatures such as owls are
nocturnal, where they sleep during the day and hunt for food at night.
In the heat of the day, hermit crabs hide beneath foliage/leaf litter
or in trees and sleep, then after sundown you can see hermit crabs
on the beaches in search of fish washed up on the beach, and other
: describes the four pairs of legs which are appendages of the thorax.
Includes the second and third pairs which are used for walking. The
fourth and fifth which are small and usually hidden within the shell.
The fourth and fifth legs are used to maneuver the shell and hold
itself within the shell.
(Pronounced fi-lah-je-nee). The evolutionary relationships between
groups of organisms.
: Mixture of crustacea types that floats in the water 9
: leg of a crab 7.
"The pleopods are small appendages located on the left side of the
crab's abdomen. A female crab attaches her eggs to the fine setae
on her pleopods using a gluelike substance. Male land hermit crabs
also have pleopods, but they are much smaller and not nearly as hairy.
(Pronounced pro-ek-diy-sis). The first stage of Arthropod molting
in which the body prepares to shed the exoskeleton. In Crustaceans,
the blood absorbs calcium from the exoskeleton and makes gastroliths.
The inner layer of Arthropod exoskeletons that lies just under the
Pincer/Claw Hermit Crab : hermit crab that is distinguished by
a purple claw and round eyes, as opposed to compressed eyes of Ecuadorian
(E) crabs. Visit the crab
Regeneration. Ability to reproduce a severed body part.
The common name for certain irregular echinoids (Echinodermata)
: The long hairs that grow between the joints of your crab's legs,
on the maxillipeds, along the inside of some appendages,
and near its mouth are called setae. Unlike the hair that grows on
your head, setae do not grow from hair follicles. They are actually
extensions of the crab's cuticle. When a crab molts
its exoskeleton, these "hairs" are also shed as
projections of the exoskeleton." (Fox, S. 2000
tel-son) A medial section at the very posterior of most Arthropods:
it bears the anus.
: "At the tip of a crab's abdomen are small
appendages called uropods. Although you will
never see them, they perform an important function. The uropods hook
onto the spiral of the shell and help the crab to grip its shell."
Variabilis - Changeable [latin]
Vascular -- Refers to a network of tubes which
distribute nutrients and remove wates from the tissues of
the body. Large multicellular animals must rely on a vascular
system to keep their cells nourished and alive.
1. Any of
the free-swimming larva of certain crustaceans,
as the crab, having rudimentary legs and a spiny carapace.
stage that follows the 'protozoea'.
Sue (2000) Hermit
Crabs : Complete Pet Owner's Guide. Barrons Books : N.Y.
Dictionary and Encyclopedia References
1 : [
2 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ipd/A0369929.html
3 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/sci/A0811974.html
4 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ce5/CE013411.html
5 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ipd/A0460191.html
6 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ce5/CE025873.html
7 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ipd/A0592398.html
8 : [ URL: http://www.infoplease.com/ipd/A0583549.html
9: [ URL:
to the Arthropoda. . . the REAL rulers of the Earth. . .
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