The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia states:
"The freedom of religious confession is guaranteed. The right to express one's faith freely and publicly, individually of with others, is guaranteed."
In accordance with this basis, there are more than forty active religious communities in Macedonia which build relations of mutual respect and tolerance. Two-thirds of the population of Macedonia are Orthodox Christians, 30% are Moslems, 0.5% Roman Catholics and 2.8% are of other religious affiliations.
The Macedonian Orthodox Church has played an important role in the long struggle of the Macedonian people for the preservation of its national identity, as well as in its education and culture. Its roots are ancient. The Archbishopric of Ohrid was the first autocephalous Slav Church. It was established by St. Clement and St. Naum, outstanding students of the brothers Ss. Cyril and Methodius. In 893 A.D., St. Clement of Ohrid became the first Slav archbishop.
Today the Macedonian Orthodox Church continues the traditions of St. Clement's Archbishopric of Ohrid. It is headed by the Archbishop of Ohrid and Macedonia and a Holy Synod of Bishops consisting of six bishops. The number of church eparchies in Macedoni a is the same.
The Macedonian Orthodox Church has played an extremely important role in uniting and organizing Macedonian expatriates in Australia, the United States and Canada, and recently also in West European countries. The Australian Eparchy and the Canado-American Eparchy comprise 44 churches and 2 monasteries. The activity of the Macedonian Orthodox Church in foreign countries is of exceptional educational and cultural assistance and of irreplaceable importance for the unity of Macedonians, their better mutual understanding and the preservation of their national traditions and constant concern about their national identity. Together with the Association of Expatriates, the Macedonian Orthodox Church plays decisive role in the maintenance of constant links betwee n the expatriates and their homeland.
The activities of the Macedonian Orthodox Church, like those of all religious communities in Macedonia, are financed from its own sources. From the funds it has raised among its believers, the Macedonian Orthodox Church has built a large number of churches throughout the world, including the Cathedral of St. Clement of Ohrid in Skopje.
Macedonia has about 1,200 churches and 425 mosques. There is a Roman Catholic church in Skopje, and the other religious communities have their own places of worship in the capital and in other towns throughout Macedonia.
The Orthodox and the Islamic religious communities each have a secondary religious school in Skopje. An Islamic university is located at Kicevo and an Orthodox Theological College is located in Skopje.
The believers from all beliefs solemnly celebrate their religious holidays and the most important of these are non-working days.