JOSEPH ALEXANDER HATFIELD
Born: Abt.1794-1805 - England, UK.
Married: (MARY) RACHEL DAVIS - Adelaide, S.A.
Date: 2 Oct 1855 - Balhannah, S.A.
Died: ???? - Unknown
(MARY) RACHEL DAVIS
Born: Abt.1814 - ???
Married: JOSEPH ALEXANDER HATFIELD
Died: 15 May 1905 - Glanville,Adelaide,S.A.
MARY ANN HATFIELD
Born: 10 August 1837 - The Tiers, S.A.
Married: JAMES CHARLES PARTRIDGE
Date: 20 March 1854 - Woodside, S.A..
Died: 19 October 1903 - Broken Hill, N.S.W..
JANE ADELAIDE HATFIELD
Born: 12 May 1840 - Adelaide, S.A.
Died: 1.Sept.1840 - Adeladide, S.A..
JOSEPH ALEXANDER HATFIELD
Born: 16 Sept.1841 - Mt.Barker, S.A.
Married: Jane Corrigan
Died: 1 August 1921 - Beechworth, Vic.
EMMA ELLEN HATFIELD
Born: 30 March 1843 - Mt.Barker S.A.
Married: CHARLES VALER WALTON
Date: Abt. 1861 - Woodside, S.A..
Died: 4 Feb 1917 - Port Pirie,, S.A.
Emma Ellen Hatfield (Abt.1890)
Born: 27 Oct.1845 - Mt.Barker S.A..
Married: JAMES HENRY WESTON
Date: Abt 1862 - Woodside, S.A.
Died: 22 Nov 1923 - Kalgoorlie, W.A.
JANE BALHANNAH HATFIELD
Born: 10 Oct 1849 - New Tiers S.A..
Married: William Thomas George FINN
Date: 27 Oct 1868 - Hookine, S.A.
Died: 10 Aug 1938 - Port Pirie, S.A.
JOHN EDWARD HATFIELD
Born: 29 Nov 1850 - New Forest, S.A..
Died: 26 Sept 1942 - Magill Homes,Adelaide, S.A.
Born: 1852 - Adelaide Hills, S.A.
Died: 20 Aug 1861 - Stony Creek, S.A.
Born: 27 April 1855 - Onkaparinga, S.A.
Died: 7 Sept 1874 - Port Augusta, S.A.
SOPHIA MATILDA HATFIELD
Born: 31 Oct 1857 - Woodside, S.A .
Died:18 Aug 1858 - Stony Creek, S.A.
Our story commences in the MIDDLESEX, ENGLAND, Law Courts, 15th.February 1815, where a prisoner by the name of JOSEPH ATTFIELD was committed to the Middlesex Goal Delivery and sentenced to seven years gaol for petty larceny.
The following details were given- Age 21years. Height 5 feet 4.5 ins. Complexion Dark,sallow. Hair Black. Eyes Black. Calling Labourer. Native Town London.
Later in the year of 1815 he was transported, together with 59 other convicts on the sailing ship "FANNY" to SYDNEY TOWN arriving on January 25th. 1816, where they were forwarded to the Derwent (Hobart) in His Majesties Colonial Brig ,"EMU ".
Over the fifty years from 1803 to 1853, some 67,000 convicts were transported to Tasmania. The first shipload to come direct from England arrived in the "Indefatigable" on 19th.oct.1812. By 1820, there were about 2,500 convicts in the colony and by the end of 1833, the tatal had increased to 14,900. In 1835, there were over800 convicts working in chain-gangs at the dreaded penal settlement at Port Arthur which operated from 1830 to 1877.
The next information, from Police Records, shows where a prisoner by the name of Joseph Hatfield escaped from Hobart Goal in July 5th.1817.( The authorities had realised the name of Attfield should read Hatfield, they being the same person. On his Police Record it was shown he had arrived per the two sailing ships as stated previously)
He was found guilty of not only escaping from goal but, also stealing from the premises of R. Nash. He was sentenced to a 12 months on the goal gang and 50 lashes. On the 8th.December (Year not legible) he was charged with stealing a boat sail but, was acquitted. On the 28th.June 1832 he was charged with having in his possession a quantity of mutton supposedly to have been stolen. Luckily for him , he was discharged for want of proof. Not to be outdone, the Police eventually got him in that having on the 27th.June and for sometime previously he kept a dog without a licence. He was fined Twenty Pounds ( a lot of money in those Days) it appearing the dog was kept for the purpose of k ling sheep. He apparently was in the trade of butchering, as in a report in The Hobart Town Gazette dated 28.6.1817 of his escape, he was commonly called"Joe the Butcher".
The city of Adelaide, South Australia was founded in 1836, being proclaimed on theThird of August 1836 under a tree at seaside Glenelg S.A. There were no convicts sent directly to South Australia however, some escaped convicts did settle there and no doubt a number of ex-convicts came from other colonies. A good many of these found shelter in the hills above Adelaide, particularly in the area called The Tiers where they carried on many illegal activities, knowing they were fairly safe from being discovered by the authorities because of the difficult terrain.
The first evidence discovered in S.A. of our early ancestor JOSEPH HATFIELD, is the court appearance, dated the 5th. June 1837, where he was charged with stealing & receiving several articles of clothing namely, one silk hankerchief value one shilling, one cloth jacket value ten shillings, one pair of trousers value five shillings and a shirt valued at five shillings all the property of a Mr.J.Hill. As recorded in the South Australian Gazette & Colonial Register dated April 28th.1838 he was found not guilty of the stealing charge but, was sentenced to three months goal for receiving stolen goods.
The Baptism details of Mary Ann, his eldest daughter, records that she was born at Woodside, indicating that her parents were living in the Adelaide hills by August 1837. This area was known as the Tiers & was not a very safe area being inhabited by escaped convicts from other States, vagabonds & other unsavory characters. According to English Author Alexander Tolmer in an early history of the area, he was known as Black Joe. We can only wonder what his character was really like.!!! In July 1841 Joseph Hatfield applied to the Government of S.A. for permission to purchase 30 acres of land in the Tiers, Mt.Lofty Ranges on which he had been squatting and had built a house which he was afraid he might lose. His request was refused by Capt. E.C.Frome Surveyor-General, unless it was put up for public tender & purchased by him. The Assistant Commissioner,Lands Department a Mr. Charles Sturt agreed with him and added, the applicant is, if I mistake not, a man of indifferent character, and it requires that some precaution is taken to prevent or at all events not to facilitate the settlement of such men in places where they can carry on improper practises. He did in time purchase several pieces of land in the Adelaide Hills and still had owner-ship in 1860 as records show of 105 acres at Section 5158 near Balhannah & Woodside on Swamp & Kumnick roads.Two houses were on these properties & the land was partly cultivated.He subsequently subdivided this land and sold the smaller portion of 21 acres to a Johann Schmidt later known as John Smith.
From information gleaned from the Onkaparinga District Council Assessment Books by John & Maureen Liddy, the July 1861 Assessment of One Pound 16 shillings was paid on the 10 March 1862. This is the last time Joseph Hatfield's name appears in the rate books. It must be assumed that he passed away about this time. His widow, Rachel still lived at this address when she married a Mr. John Neaves in 1866.
According to his Marriage Certificate, dated 2nd.Oct 1855 he was born in 1803.
(This birth date doe not agree with the age of our Joseph Hatfield of Hobart being 9 years younger but, I believe we have to assume they are one & the same person. Firstly, he was illiterate, unable to read or write, and both descriptions fit fairly well, together with the fact that they were both in the butchering trade. C.W. )
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