what the hell is this?
To mark the 10th anniversary of my 1992 Australian Customs prosecution
for importing banned horror films, I decided to compile a list of titles
submitted for classification in Australia that have been censored
in some way. Modifications may have been done here or overseas. TV variations
and porn titles are excluded. This page is not meant to be an exhaustive
repository, but rather a work in progress containing summary information
that may prompt further investigation. Please forward this page to anyone
you know. Knowledge is power.
definition of censored
Put simply, a work of art or media product has been censored if a compromise was made
to suit a classification system or governing body. If one frame of a movie, one word in a book,
or one part of an image has been edited out, tampered with, toned down, or otherwise changed in a way that the creator did not originally intend on,
then censorship has occurred – even if the modification was performed or supervised by the artist. Self censorship and
other special cases, for example the release of a planned extended
version of a film that receives a stronger rating, are not deemed to be censorship. Because questions about
such cases tend to crop up, an Exceptions page tries to cover any such borderline titles.
The entites that most often trigger censorship in the West are: the Ausrtralian Office of Film
and Literature Classification (OFLC), the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA),
and the British Board of Film Censors (BBFC).
This information has been gathered from various online and offline
resources, primarily RC's excellent Refused Classification
site, which predates mine and also covers local porn movie censorship; valuable notes from M. C. Thomason; the
Movie Database (IMDB); Michael DVD;
ATTIC, and Cutlass Video (defunct).
Some entries are quoted verbatim from these and other sources.
Compare was also valuable for checking international DVD releases.
Refer to the Australian Office of Film
and Literature Classification (OFLC) database for local ratings info,
although it is far from complete. Another excellent website is Movie Censorship,
which has screen shots of alternative footage. Special thanks to M. C. Thomason,
Michael D., Heath G., Craig, Lee N., and the ATTIC gang for help and contributions.
Very special thanks also to RC for providing invaluable help and sharing vital information.
Note that many titles listed are also on Refused Classification,
even though links are not provided. Additions, corrections or criticisms
porn and computer games
Because I can hardly keep up with normal movie censorship updates, visit
Refused Classification to find
details about bans and cuts to pornographic titles in Australia.
This website also covers local computer game censorship news. Basically, it's an essential
resource that demands your regular attention. Computer games and X-rated films
regularly get censored and banned Down Under, a fact that the mainstream
media rarely covers. To stay fully informed, visit Refused Classification regularly.
At the OFLC, hardcore porn is judged by a separate set of rules that aim to keep all X-rated content
in the 'non-violent erotica' zone. Restrictions are now much tighter than they used to be
before conservative independent candidate Senator Harradine fought for concessions during
one recent election.
PAL video (25 frames per second) is 4% faster than NTSC video (23.976 fps)
and projected film (24 fps). Keep these differences in mind when
noting any quoted run times. Remember that NTSC runs a fraction longer
than film. To do a conversion either way, I simply convert
the entire run time to a frame count at one frame rate, then switch to
the other frame rate. Paradiso Design
contains a handy calculator with detailed explanations. My run times
encompass the first second in a title
to the last, given adequate visual or audio cues. OFLC run times are
rounded up to the nearest minute. The BBFC quotes minutes and seconds
for film and PAL video, making its website a valuable reference tool.
High definition discs (HD DVD and Blu-ray) are usually encoded at 24 frames
per second in 1080p format, which means one full progressive frame is stored per
film frame. Early HD players output this signal at 60Hz, or 30 full frames,
with some of the original 24 frames repeated, as with NTSC.
This means that HD discs taken from progressive
sources (a film print or 24p digital camera) run at the same speed as
projected film, which is 24 frames per second. HD has the ability to decode 1080p 24Hz to
50Hz (same as PAL) but none of the early HD players can do this yet.
In the future, it's expected that most players will output 1080p at 24Hz (or 48Hz, 72Hz),
thus matching projected film without 3:2 pull-down artefacts.
[speculation] - The information is second-hand, cannot be confirmed,
is yet to be confirmed, or the source cannot be nailed down. This includes
rumours and suspicions that a movie is cut based on first-hand viewing
conclusions. [assumption] - Given the circumstances and a normal
course of events, the information would be true. [confirm] - The
assumption will be verified at some stage in the future. All dates are in the
standard Australian format DD/MM/YYYY. Running times are in MM:SS format, and qualified
with the media (PAL, NTSC, film, 24p for HD).
(1) This website contains plot spoilers and potentially offensive descriptions
of movie scenes. There are no images. (2) This is neither a sales catalogue
nor a personal inventory. If you are the police or some kind of federal
agent, stop wasting my considerable taxes and go chase real criminals.
(3) Many details need to be confirmed first-hand, so mistakes are bound
to exist. Before using this information, do your best to verify it yourself.
None of the contributors take responsibility for its misuse.
Maintained by Rod Williams